Caitanya Caritamrta Chapters 20-22 Review

Hare Krsna,

Below is my sincere attempt in creating a “big picture” of Lord’s teachings to Sanatana Goswami.

In a nutshell, Lord Caitanya’s instructions to Sanatana Goswami covers the topics of God’s transcendental forms, His opulences, and devotional service.

Sanatana’s Goswami’s Surrenders to the Lord: In Chapter 20, Sanatana Goswami surrenders to Lord Caitanya. He falls at the Lord’s feet declaring himself lowborn, coming from bad association, most wretched, suffering in the dark well of material enjoyment, unaware about the goal of life, and foolishly thinks he is learned. He prays to the Lord to save him from material existence. He does not know who he is, what is duty is, why he suffers from material miseries, and how to be relieved from material entanglement. By this, Sanatana Goswami teaches us how to approach a spiritual master and inquire from him submissively (BG 4.34).

Jiva’s constitutional position: Out of His causeless mercy, Lord Caitanya instructs Sanatana Goswami about threefold material miseries (adhyatmika-klesa, adhibhautika-klesa, and adhidaivika-klesa). If one does not know why he is suffering from these three miseries, he must be considered ignorant. He should therefore approach a spiritual master. Lord Caitanya instructs Sanatana about one’s constitutional position – that one is a pure living soul and an eternal servant of Krsna. [CC Madhya 20.108]. By giving the analogy of sun and sunshine, the Lord explains the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the soul – the soul is transcendental, simultaneously one and different from Krsna. Though the living entity has the potency to understand the spiritual energy, he identifies with the body due to false ego. He suffers repeated birth and death in various species.  The conditioning of the living entity is due to forgetfulness of his relationship with the Supreme Lord in the superior energy. Only when his original identity is revived does one become liberated. With the help of guru, sadhus and sastra , the living entity can disentangle himself from the material energy and re-establish his eternal relationship with Krishna.

Energies of the Lord: Lord Caitanya explains the material, spiritual and marginal energies of the Krsna. He is the source of the material world as well as the spiritual world. Krishna is ashraya-tattva (the shelter of everything). Everything else is ashrita-tattva. Everything is sheltered directly or indirectly by Krishna. He is the Absolute Truth and His form is eternal, full of knowledge, and full of bliss. [CC Madhya 10.108-151]

Aspects of the Absolute Truth: Lord Caitanya discusses the three aspects of the Absolute Truth, namely brahman , paramatma and bhagavan , and also gives a full description of the various Vishnu expansions. He elucidates the six varieties of avataras (purusa , lila , guna , manvantara , yuga and saktyavesa ) and establishes Lord Krishna as svayam-bhagavan , the original source of everything. Krishna performs His eternal pastimes in multiple universes simultaneously, although His most confidential and intimate pastimes are exclusively enacted in Shri Vrindavana dham. The transcendental form of the Lord can only be understood through the process of devotional service in full Krishna consciousness. [CC Madhya 20.136-164]

Spiritual and Material Universes: Lord Caitanya describes the different spiritual worlds. He describes Devi dham, Mahesha dham, Hari dham and Goloka dham (Gokula, Mathura, Dvaraka). He extensively describes the qualities and opulence of Krsna which enchants everyone in these universes. The spiritual world, which lies beyond the Viraja river, comprises 3/4 of the total energies of the Supreme Lord. In the Lord’s supreme planet, Goloka, all the opulences of the other spiritual planets are displayed. The full extent of Krsna’s greatness is inconceivable, even to Brahma. Though Krsna exhibits unlimited wonderful pastimes in Vaikuntha as Vasudeva and Sankarshana, and in the material world in so many incarnations, His most important activities are His pastimes in human form, which include His pastimes in Vrindavana, Mathura and Dwarka. [CC Madhya 21.1-106]  “Lord Kṛṣṇa has many pastimes, of which His pastimes as a human being are the best. His form as a human being is the supreme transcendental form. In this form He is a cowherd boy. He carries a flute in His hand, and His youth is new. He is also an expert dancer. All this is just suitable for His pastimes as a human being. ”

The Opulence and Sweetness of Lord Krsna: Lord Caitanya describes the beauty of Lord Krsna. He instructs Sanatana Goswami that even a fractional understanding of Kṛṣṇa’s beauty can merge all three worlds in the ocean of love. He attracts all living entities within the three worlds. The transcendental form of Kṛṣṇa is shown to the world by Lord Kṛṣṇa’s internal, spiritual energy, which is a transformation of pure goodness. This jewellike form is the most confidential treasure of the devotees. This form is manifested from Kṛṣṇa’s eternal pastimes. The wonderful form of Kṛṣṇa in His personal feature is so great that it attracts even Kṛṣṇa to taste His own association. Indeed, Kṛṣṇa becomes very eager to taste it. Total beauty, knowledge, wealth, strength, fame and renunciation are the six opulences of Kṛṣṇa. He is eternally situated in His opulences. The Lord explained the beauty of Krishna’s ornaments, the attractive power of His flute, and the absorption of the gopis in Krishna’s beauty. [CC Madhya 21.107-149]

The Process of Devotional Service: In Chapter 22, Lord Caitanya introduces the process of devotional service. Krsna can be approached only by the process of devotional service. Indeed, it is the conclusion of all scriptures that Krsna is the only object of worship. Though fruitive activities, mystic yoga, and the speculative search for knowledge are sometimes praised in the Vedic literatures, the path of devotional service is the foremost. Karma, jnana, and yoga are indirect methods that cannot lead to the highest perfection of self-realization. All paths to self-realization ultimately depend on devotional service. [CC Madhya 22.1-18]

Everything else is subordinate to devotional service: Lord Caitanya then explains that any process short of devotional service is insufficient to free the conditioned soul from matter. Even if one executes his duties according to varnashrama principles, he will go to hell if he lacks Krsna consciousness. Therefore, surrender to Krsna makes the difference between bondage and liberation.  Krsna is like the sun, maya like darkness. One who is illuminated by Krsna consciousness cannot be in maya. If the conditioned soul engages in the service of the Lord and simultaneously carries out the orders of his spiritual master and serves him, he can get out of the clutches of maya and become eligible for shelter at Kṛṣṇa’s lotus feet.

Association of Devotees: Good fortune begins when one gets association with pure devotees.  It is neither possible to get liberated nor develop love of Godhead without the favor of a pure devotee. Firm conviction in the Lord’s order is faith which is favorable to the discharge of devotional service. Such faith is demonstrated in the conviction that by only serving Krsna, all other duties are fulfilled. [CC Madhya 22.19-62]

Three classes of devotees: Lord Caitanya explains the differences between the three classes of devotees. A faithful devotee is a truly eligible candidate for the loving service of the Lord. According to one’s faith, one is classified as a topmost devotee, an intermediate devotee or an inferior devotee. A devotee is considered superlative or superior according to his attachment and love. In one who has unflinching devotional faith in Kṛṣṇa, all the good qualities of Kṛṣṇa and the demigods are consistently manifest. However, he who has no devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead has no good qualifications because he is engaged by mental concoction in material existence, which is the external feature of the Lord. [CC Madhya 22.63-76]

Qualities of devotees: Lord Caitanya describes the 26 qualities of a devotee, and the behavior of a pure devotee.  A devotee’s most formidable enemy is association with women in an enjoying spirit. Association with non-devotees is also condemned because it is also a formidable enemy on the path of devotional service. One has to fully surrender unto the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa and give up attraction for women and non-devotees.

Six symptoms of surrender: Next the Lord explains the six divisions of surrender to Krishna. The six divisions of surrender are the acceptance of those things favorable to devotional service, the rejection of unfavorable things, the conviction that Kṛṣṇa will give protection, the acceptance of the Lord as one’s guardian or master, full self-surrender, and humility.  When a devotee thus fully surrenders unto Kṛṣṇa’s lotus feet, Kṛṣṇa accepts him as one of His confidential associates. [CC Madhya 22.100-102]

Regulated & Spontaneous Devotional Service: Lord Caitanya defines the stages of vaidhi-bhakti (regulative devotional service) and raganuga-bhakti (spontaneous devotional service). Expanding on regulative devotion, LordCaitanya delineates the 64 items of devotional service that awaken one’s dormant consciousness of Krishna. He then discusses spontaneous devotional service. The primary characteristic of spontaneous love is deep attachment for the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Absorption in thought of Him is a marginal characteristic. Devotional service in spontaneous love is vividly expressed and manifested by the inhabitants of Vṛndavana. Devotional service that accords with their devotional service is called raganuga bhakti, or devotional service following in the wake of spontaneous loving service. [CC Madhya 22]

All glories to Srila Prabhupada!

The Spiritual Nature of Devotional Service

Hare Krsna,

CC Madhya 22.134-135 — Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu continued, “When one is firmly fixed in devotional service, whether he executes one or many processes of devotional service, the waves of love of Godhead will awaken. There are many devotees who execute only one of the nine processes of devotional service. Nonetheless, they get ultimate success. Devotees like Mahārāja Ambarīṣa execute all nine items, and they also get ultimate success.

To answer the question as to how performing one activity or many will result in the same effect, my answer is that it is possible when the activity is performed for Lord Krsna. The Lord is always self-satisfied; He does not need anything from anyone. All He needs is the devotees’ love and devotion. In BG 9.26, Lord Krsna says, “If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit a water, I will accept it.” In the purport, Srila Prabhupada writes, “Krsna has no need of food, since He already possesses everything that be, yet He will accept the offering of one who desires to please Him in that way. The important element, in preparation, in serving and in offering, is to act with love for Krsna.”

Lord Krsna is bhava-grahi-janardhana. He looks at the bhava (devotion) with which we offer something. Hence it does not matter whether we offer one thing or ten things. Quantity of offering doesn’t matter in devotional service. It matters in the material world. In material world, reciprocity is based on quantity of exchange. A person may pamper his/her spouse with lots of gifts; the other person, in turn, will consider this as expression of love. A father may pamper his child with lots of toys; the child will be happy and think to himself, “What a wonderful person my dad is!” And when the quantity of things exchanged is lessened, relationships dwindle or break. A wife will say, “Oh dear, you don’t love me anymore. You don’t shower gifts on me like you used to.”

But the spiritual world is completely different. Lord Krsna is least bothered with quantity. Even if we offer one small thing with love, Krsna will accept it. Most of all, He will never forget this offering. He will glorify the devotee like anything else. Just like a father becomes overly pleased when the child offers him a small candy. He does not care how big the candy is, or how may candies were offered to him. He only sees that the child remembers him and offers him the candy with love. That’s how Krsna behaves. Therefore, whatever devotional activity we perform – whether one or nine, we should perform with love. If we do one activity, may be chanting or cooking for the Lord, if done with love, it is as satisfactory to the Lord as doing 10 different activities. The Lord knows our ability and limitations. Ambarisa Maharaj could perform all nine types of devotional service with love; the Lord accepted it. On the other hand, Pariksit Maharaj only heard the glories of the Lord in rapt attention and love; the Lord accepted it. Therefore, in devotional service performing one activity or many will result in the same effect. This is the beauty of devotional service. Every living entity can offer something to the Lord; and the Lord accepts it gratefully.

We all know the story of the little squirrel who helped Lord Rama build the bridge across the ocean to Lanka by carrying the pebbles. Hanuman and the monkeys pulled out rocks and heavy stones from the mountains, and carried them to the sea.  The little squirrel could carry only little pebbles at a time in his small mouth. He carried the pebbles from the seashore and dropped them into the sea. On seeing this, one of the monkeys made fun of the squirrel. He thought how could the squirrel contribute to such a big project. The squirrel did not think this funny at all. He said, “Look, I can’t carry mountains or rocks. God gave me only a little strength. I can only carry pebbles. My heart cries out for Rama and I’ll do all I can for him.” Lord Rama saw all this and said to the monkeys, “Do not make fun of the weak and the small. Your strength or what you do is not important. What matter is your love. This little squirrel has love in his heart. Always remember, however small, every task is equally important. A project can never be completed by the main people alone. They need the support of all, and however small, an effort should always be appreciated!” Rama held the squirrel closer to him and said. “Little one, your love touches my heart.”

Therefore, whatever activity we do, we should do it with sincerity and for the pleasure of the Lord. Regarding effects or benefits from our service, who cares? Pure devotees do not care for positive outcome from the services rendered to the Lord. They are simply happy to engage in Lord’s service and bring Him pleasure.

On the auspicious occasion of Lord Balarama’s appearance day, I pray to Him to give me spiritual and bodily strength so that I could perform sincere devotional service to Him and Lord Krsna.

All glories to Srila Prabhupada!

Awakening Love for Kṛṣṇa Dormant in the Heart

Hare Krsna,

CC Madhya 22.105 — “ ‘When transcendental devotional service, by which love for Kṛṣṇa is attained, is executed by the senses, it is called sādhana-bhakti, or the regulative discharge of devotional service. Such devotion eternally exists within the heart of every living entity. The awakening of this eternal devotion is the potentiality of devotional service in practice.’

CC Madhya 22.106-107 — Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu continued, “The spiritual activities of hearing, chanting, remembering and so forth are the natural characteristics of devotional service. The marginal characteristic is that it awakens pure love for Kṛṣṇa. Pure love for Kṛṣṇa is eternally established in the hearts of the living entities. It is not something to be gained from another source. When the heart is purified by hearing and chanting, this love naturally awakens.

CC Madhya 22.108 — “There are two processes of practical devotional service. One is regulative devotional service (vaidhī bhakti), and the other is spontaneous devotional service (rāgānugā-bhakti).

CC Madhya 22.109 — “Those who have not attained the platform of spontaneous attachment in devotional service render devotional service under the guidance of a bona fide spiritual master according to the regulative principles mentioned in the revealed scriptures. According to the revealed scriptures, this kind of devotional service is called vaidhī bhakti.

CC Madhya 22.113 — “ ‘Kṛṣṇa is the origin of Lord Viṣṇu. He should always be remembered and never forgotten at any time. All the rules and prohibitions mentioned in the śāstras should be the servants of these two principles.’

Qualities of Devotees and Six Processes of Surrender

Hare Krsna,

CC Madhya 22.100 — “ The six divisions of surrender are the acceptance of those things favorable to devotional service, the rejection of unfavorable things, the conviction that Kṛṣṇa will give protection, the acceptance of the Lord as one’s guardian or master, full self-surrender, and humility. One whose body is fully surrendered takes shelter at the holy place where Kṛṣṇa had His pastimes, and he prays to the Lord, “My Lord, I am Yours.” Understanding this with his mind, he enjoys spiritual bliss.”

An analogy is given that when an iron rod comes in contact with fire, it gets warmer and warmer, eventually becoming red hot. Gradually it no longer remains iron; it becomes as good as fire. It gets the quality of fire. If we touch it, we get burned us just as the fire would. Similarly, we tend to inherit the qualities of people we associate with. If we associate with materialistic people, we display materialistic tendencies. When I was in college, most of my peers were into drinking. Gradually I also picked up the habit because I was constantly associating with them. None of us knew anything better. Our philosophy at that time was to be competitive in studies, working hard, doing well in exams, and relaxing by drinking. Looking back, I am not proud of those days. Today, by Lord Krsna’s mercy, I associate with devotees and have given up all the bad habits. So by associating with devotees, I am able to pick up spiritual qualities. This demonstrates that when we identify with the Lord’s internal spiritual energy, the sublime qualities of a devotee begin to manifest. It is not a very difficult to understand this concept. Let’s say I am the servant of Queen Elizabeth; to be her devoted servant, I need to imbibe her standards. She may have her specific standards in terms of timeliness, cleanliness, charitable, etc. To be able to serve her effectively, I have to follow these standards. Similarly if I have to serve the Supreme Lord, I have to serve Him by His standards and qualities. Some of these qualities are: mercifulness, humility, truthfulness, equality, faultlessness, magnanimity, mildness and cleanliness.

The attainment of these spiritual qualities depends on the extent of our surrender to the Lord. “ye yatha mam prapadyante tams tathaiva bhajamy aham. As they surrender unto Me, I reward them accordingly.” (BG 4.11) When a living entity is fully surrendered to Lord Krsna, he is under His direct protection. The Lord gives him all intelligence and transcendental qualities so that he can advance in Krsna consciousness.

When a devotee thus fully surrenders unto Kṛṣṇa’s lotus feet, Kṛṣṇa accepts him as one of His confidential associates.” (CC Madhya 22.102)

Therefore, when we chant offenselessly the holy name of the Lord with a mood of full surrender to Him, we gradually become purified; we come under the shelter of Krsna’s internal energy. Gradually we become free of all material contamination; we start manifesting the transcendental qualities of a pure devotee. I can think of Srila Prabhupada. He was fully surrendered to the Lord and displayed all the godly qualities during his pastimes in this world.

All glories to Srila Prabhupada!

Krsna’s Mercy

Hare Krsna,

It is amazing, and inconceivable at times, how Lord Krsna’s mercy works. Just recently I was reading and meditating on the purusa incarnation of the Supreme Lord. We covered this topic in one of our previous lessons. The Lord first appeared as Maha-Visnu on the Karana Ocean. Through His breathing, numerous universes emanated from the pores of His transcendental body. Then the Lord, as Garbhodakasayi Visnu, entered each universe. Since the universe was dark, He filled half of the universe with the sweat from His body. From His navel sprout the lotus , on top of which Lord Brahma, the creator of the living entities, was borne. In His next incarnation as Ksirodakasayi Visnu, the Lord enters each living entity and resides in the heart as Paramatma. He is the witness to the activities of the living entities and guides them in their pursuit of enjoying the material nature. Now if we think about this whole transcendental process deeply, we can realize that this is a complex, elaborate process. The Lord blissfully resides in His Goloka dham. But why does He need to incarnate as the Purusa or Vishnu incarnations? The answer is, the Lord wants to bestow His causeless mercy on the unfortunate living entities who chose to enjoy separately from the Lord. These conditioned souls wanted to fulfill their material desires. Since the Lord is so merciful on them, He chose to accompany them to this material world. Such is the mercy of Lord Krsna. He is always self-satisified and does not need to do anything. But still He engages in His activities to associate with His parts and parcels. From a material standpoint, nothing could be bigger than this form of the Lord’s mercy. We wanted a separate world from the Lord’s abode to enjoy, and the Lord created such a world for us. This is similar to a father buying his child a toy car because he wanted to drive and enjoy himself. The child is not happy riding in his father’s car; the father drives the child around. Our desire to enjoy material nature is similar. The Lord being the Supreme Father of all living entities bestows His mercy on each of us.

People may not see the Lord’s mercy being manifested everywhere. A poor person working hard to make the ends meet is able to put food on the table for his children. Because of the mercy of the Lord, he is able to do so. A rich man lives a luxurious life enjoying good food, wine, sexual pleasure and top most sense gratification. He is able to do that because of Lord’s mercy. An atheist enjoys His life thinking that God does not exist. The Lord allows him to think so because of His mercy. A farmer looks forward to timely seasonal rain to harvest his crops. The Lord bestows His mercy through the rain. There are 8,400,000 species in the material world and each of them is provided with the food. It is the Lord’s mercy that He provides food to each of us. It is a different story when people die of hunger. They die not because of lack of food in this world, but because of the food mismanagement by the authorities. The Lord’s mercy is everywhere. We just need to be conscious of it and be grateful to the Lord.

For fortunate souls who have realized the futility of the material world and wants to turn to the Lord, the Lord bestows His mercy through guru, sadhu and sastra. He instructs them and guides them to awaken their loving relationship with the Lord through devotional service (bhakti-yoga), beginning with hearing and chanting about Him. He also sends His associates to those souls who want to return to Him. Therefore we should take the association of devotees very seriously. We should think of it as Lord’s causeless mercy and be thankful to Him for the association.

By good fortune one becomes eligible to cross the ocean of nescience, and when one’s term of material existence decreases, one may get an opportunity to associate with pure devotees. By such association, one’s attraction to Kṛṣṇa is awakened.” (CC Madhya 22.46)

‘O my Lord! O infallible Supreme Person! When a person wandering throughout the universes becomes eligible for liberation from material existence, he gets an opportunity to associate with devotees. When he associates with devotees, his attraction for You is awakened. You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead — the highest goal of the topmost devotees and the Lord of the universe.’” (SB 10.51.53)

Unless we are favored by a devotee, we cannot attain the platform of devotional service to the Lord. I therefore consider myself extremely fortunate to come into Krsna consciousness and be able to associate with the devotees. Sadhu sanga is extremely important for our spiritual progress.

Remembering this mercy of the Lord, we should also sincerely try to share Krsna consciousness to others. We could do so through distribution of books, prasadam, etc. If nothing else, we could invite them to temples and serve them sincerely. I tried to share the mercy of the Lord to my family (parents and siblings). Till now they have been too engrossed with karma-kanda and demigod worship. Noticing the transformation in me and the state of happiness I am in, they too started taking up Krsna consciousness gradually. I am glad that now they are chanting few rounds every day. My mother wants to stop the demigod worships and start worshipping Sri Sri Radha-Krsna. This is a big transformation in their lives. To turn to Krsna is the success of their lives. This wouldn’t have happened without Krsna’s mercy.

All glories to the Lord for bestowing His causeless mercy on us!

All glories to Srila Prabhupada for being the vehicle of Krsna’s mercy!

The Chief Function of the Living Entity – Devotional Service to the Lord

Hare Krsna,

I would like to share my realizations with an analogy. I am sure we all have our comfort food. By dictionary definition, comfort food is “food that provides consolation or a feeling of well-being, typically any with a high sugar or other carbohydrate content and associated with childhood or home cooking.” If there is any particular food we have grown up with, we feel attached to that food. During our low moments or when we crave for something to make us feel better, we tend to take resort to our comfort food. One’s comfort food varies across culture, region, country, one’s nature, weather, family & religious background, etc. Like most of us, I too have my comfort food. I grew up in a traditional Bengali family in India. Our daily diet mostly consisted of rice, dal, vegetables, and some fried stuff. This is the diet of most Bengali households. If we read about Srila Prabhupada, Lord Caitanya, and other acaryas who lived in Bengal, we find mention of this same food and menu. Naturally this became my comfort food. Over time, as I grew up and moved out to different places, my food habits changed (mostly to align with the local food culture). When I moved to other parts of India, rice was replaced by chapatis and rotis. When I lived in South India, idlis, dosas, sambhar, etc. became the norm. When I came to USA, I started to eat pizzas, burgers, salads, pasta, etc. Even though I developed taste for these different kinds of food, I cannot say I would live or die for them. This food would fill my belly, but not comfort and satisfy me. The body would beckon something more natural and familiar. Thus from time to time, I would fall back upon hot rice, dal and vegetables to find solace. Somedays when I would feel depressed, stressed, tired, gloomy, or sad, I would cook rice and dal to lift me up. I remember an American friend once told me that when we was stationed overseas (he was in US army), there were days he would go crazy craving for his traditional food (I do not remember what it was). Such is our natural affinity to our comfort too.

The reason I brought up this example is because I could find a similarity with the topic. Just like our body craves for comfort food, our soul too needs its comfort food. And that food is bhakti-yoga or devotional service to the Lord. Over the course of our life we pick up different food habits but ultimately have to resort to our traditional comfort food for happiness and satisfaction. Similarly the spirit soul, during its course of journey in the material world, picks up different food for so-called happiness such as karma-yoga, jnana-yoga, mystic yoga, austerities and penances, different sacrifices, different means for sense gratification, welfare activities, etc. But none of them really satisfies the soul. This is because by nature, the soul is ananda mayo bhyasat – it is pleasure seeking. The soul is spirit in nature and is part and parcel of Krsna. Therefore its comfort food is anything that is related to Krsna. When we engage in the service of the Lord, the soul achieves its real happiness and bliss. Devotional service is our constitutional nature.

“The supreme occupation [dharma] for all humanity is that by which men can attain to loving devotional service unto the transcendent Lord. Such devotional service must be unmotivated and uninterrupted to completely satisfy the self.”  (SB 1.2.6)

Everything else that do not help us in invoking love for Godhead is simply waste of time.  Whatever is accepted in executing bhakti-yoga is transcendental happiness from the very beginning, whereas other processes of self-realization (jnana-yoga, dhyana-yoga, etc.), without any God realization, ends in trouble only and nothing more. There is no profit in beating husks without grains. Similarly, there is no profit in executing troublesome penances other than bhakti-yoga for self-realization.

The occupational activities a man performs according to his own position are only so much useless labor if they do not provoke attraction for the message of the Personality of Godhead.” (SB 1.2.8)

In this age of Kali, the most effective means of rendering devotional service to the Lord is chanting of His holy name – Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Harer nama harer nama harer namaiva kevalam

Kalau nasty eva nasty eva nasty eva gatir anyatha

[Adi 17.21] “In this age of quarrel and hypocrisy, the only means of deliverance is the chanting of the holy name of the Lord. There is no other way. There is no other way. There is no other way.

All glories to Srila Prabhupada!